Program models at a minimum should have controls designed to address fraud, and corruption issues with prison sentences, and penalty\forfeiture of monetary resources of convicted company, officers of company, and others involved.
Grand Jury Says Fraud Persists in Programs Meant to Diversify Contracts in New York City and State
“ Most of the cases have ended in deferred prosecution agreements under which the company pays a large penalty and charges are eventually dismissed. ”
“…..recommendations to discourage similar frauds. It said that fines and prison sentences should be increased and that the agencies charged with certifying minority- and female-owned businesses should be given more resources. ”