Friday, May 5, 2017

Haiti 2017. Reflections. The richest families. The 2%

http://www.haitiobserver.com/blog/the-richest-families-in-haiti.html



The Richest Families In Haiti

Sunday, October 28, 2012 10:13 PM


Despite Haiti being the poorest of poor countries, it has a percentage of very rich elite who control the economy and the governance of the country.
In such a difficult social economic environment, the few wealthy families live in a class of their own; tiered, Malibu-style homes above in the hills of Port-au-Prince.
In the 1980's reports show that the upper class in Haiti constituted of 2 percent of the total population. However, the 2 percent controlled about 44 percent of the total national income.
Though the elite percentage is small it has the biggest share of the economy. The top six richest families in Haiti are: Madsen, Brandt, Lacombe, Gardere, Mevs and Bigio.
These families are by large of foreign origin. The Mevs and Brandts are originally Jamaicans who immigrated to Haiti. The Biggios came from the Middle Eastern while the Madsens are rooted in Denmark.
They have prospered mightily under the dictatorial leadership of President Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier. There were monopolies on food and other essential items during the regime. Those who were connected to the president won the most lucrative opportunities.
Easy access to education is what has enabled some of the rich individuals climb the ranks of the upper class. Others have been able to accrue wealth through the industries and export-import businesses
A statement by an expatriate journalist in Haiti who has studied these families closely reported, "In terms of assets, they are very, very, very rich - very rich. In Haiti, and outside of Haiti" . Critics claim that these notoriously wealthy families do not value democracy in politics or in economic matters.
The families have been linked with the facilitation of the coup d'etat that ousted Haiti's elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide in 2004.

Webinars. Environmental. 2017. Risk e-Learning Webinars. Analytical Tools and Methods

Contaminated Site Clean-Up Information
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Superfund Research Program (SRP) invites you to join us for the second session in a series of free Risk e-Learning webinars, Analytical Tools and Methods, hosted on EPA’s Contaminated Site Clean-Up Information (CLU-IN) website. The series features innovative analytical tools and methods developed and used by SRP grantees. The presenters will highlight the benefits of these new tools and methods compared to conventional approaches. They also will include information about how the technology has helped to facilitate ongoing SRP research.
Session II - Techniques for Trace Analysis of Metals and Chemical Metabolites will be held Monday, May 22 from 1:00 – 3:00 pm EDT. In this session, speakers will highlight techniques to measure trace levels of metals and chemical metabolites to better understand environmentally relevant exposures. For more information about each presentation and to register, visit EPA’s CLU-IN Training & Events webpage.
Session II Presentations:
• Spatially resolved elemental analysis for low-level trace metal analysis and speciation, Tracy Punshon, Ph.D., Dartmouth College
• Accelerator mass spectrometry for human monitoring of metabolism of hazardous chemicals at low, environmentally realistic levels, Bruce Buchholz, Ph.D., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
• High resolution mass spectrometry for non-targeted environmental exposomics, Lee Ferguson, Ph.D., Duke University
Registration is also open for the third session, Fate and Transport of Contaminants, which will be held on Monday, June 12 from 1:00 – 3:00 pm EDT. During this session, speakers will highlight tools and methods to detect contaminants and measure their fate and transport in the environment, including work related to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), and chlorinated volatile organic contaminants in the environment. Presenters include: Keri Hornbuckle, Ph.D., University of Iowa SRP Center; Jennifer Guelfo, Ph.D., Brown University SRP Center; and Mark Brusseau, Ph.D., University of Arizona SRP Center.
The webinars are free and open to the public. Please visit the Risk e-Learning website for more information about each session, a list of presenters, and links to register.

American Red Cross: Regional Disaster Cycle Services New and Continued Employment Opportunities: 7/18/2019

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..Haiti. We will not forget.

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Drink Life Beverages ....A Woman Owned Enterprise
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BEMA International ONLINE STORE

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