Margaret Paternina-Gomez, Pedro J. Blanco, Jorge E. Osorio, and
Matthew T. Aliota
To the Editor
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arthropodborne member of the genus
Flavivirus of the Spondweni serocomplex and is transmitted by
Aedes mosquitoes (primarily Ae. aegypti in urban and periurban
cycles). ZIKV emerged in Africa and has caused outbreaks of
febrile disease that clinically resemble dengue fever and other
arboviral diseases (1) but has
been linked to neurologic syndromes and congenital malformation (2).
Outbreaks have been reported in the Yap islands of the Federated
States of Micronesia (3), French
Polynesia (4), and
Oceania; Brazil is currently experiencing the first reported
local transmission of ZIKV in the Americas (5).