Thursday, June 18, 2020

Disaster Risk Reduction documents and publications. June 2020

*  A dual disaster handbook: 6 recommendations for local leaders responding to floods during COVID-19 American Flood Coalition (AFC), 2020

In 2020, local leaders across the United States will likely face an unprecedented threat that requires significant collective action: a flood that hits during the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic fallout. This “dual disaster” will likely be widespread: 128 million Americans are at risk of flooding this spring, and the country is likely to see more hurricanes than normal this season. This handbook for local leaders provides six recommendations...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic; Flood

*  A method for monetising the mental health costs of flooding Environment Agency, United Kingdom - gov; Welsh Government, United Kingdom - gov, 2020

Recent research from Public Health England (PHE) shows that people that experience flooding in their homes can suffer from mental health illnesses, including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. This has an economic impact, including costs to the health service and lost days at work. This project developed a method for evaluating the impact of flooding on mental health and assessing these economic impacts. Prior to this study, the...

Themes: Social Impacts & Social Resilience
Hazards: Flood

*  A model to predict flood loss in mountain areas Environmental Modelling & Software (Elsevier), 2020

Vulnerability is defined as the degree of loss resulting from the hazard impact on buildings. Recent studies have focused on evaluating vulnerability to dynamic flooding using proxies from case studies and based on empirical ex-post approaches. However, the transferability to other case studies and, therefore, the ability of such models to actually predict future losses is limited. To overcome this gap, the authors present a beta model based on loss...

Themes: Economics of DRR; Structural Safety
Hazards: Flood

*  Adapting to climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa International Monetary Fund (IMF), 2020

Sub-Saharan Africa is the region in the world most vulnerable to climate change. Rising temperatures, rising sea levels, and rainfall anomalies are increasing the frequency and intensity of natural disasters and are markedly transforming the region’s geography. Adapting to climate change is critical to safeguarding and further advancing hard-earned improvements in incomes and education and health outcomes across sub-Saharan Africa over...

Themes: Climate Change; Economics of DRR

*  Adaptive social protection: Building resilience to shocks Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the (GFDRR); World Bank, the (WB), 2020

The report outlines an organizing framework for the design and implementation of Adaptive Social Protection (ASP), providing insights into the ways in which social protection systems can be made more capable of building household resilience. By way of its four building blocks—programs, information, finance, and institutional arrangements and partnerships—the framework highlights both the elements of existing social protection systems that...

Themes: Economics of DRR; Information Management; Social Impacts & Social Resilience

*  Anticipatory action for livelihood protection: A collective endeavour Overseas Development Institute (ODI), 2020

The term ‘anticipatory action’ refers to actions triggered before a crisis in order to mitigate the worst effects, or even avoid a crisis altogether. Decisions on how to protect livelihoods continue to be taken when a crisis is already happening and delays in mobilising funds to respond are commonplace. This working paper argues that the potential benefits of anticipatory action can only be achieved if the central focus moves from identifying...

Themes: Early Warning; Information Management; Risk Identification & Assessment

*  Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region Springer, 2020

The aim of this assessment report is to describe the physical science basis of regional climate change over the Indian subcontinent and adjoining areas. The first chapter briefly introduces global climate change, sets the regional context, and synthesizes the key points from the subsequent chapters. Apart from GHGs, emissions of anthropogenic aerosols over the northern Hemisphere have substantially increased during the last few decades, and their...

Themes: Climate Change; Environment & Ecosystems

*  Atlas of global surface water dynamics European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC), 2020

It is impossible to overstate the importance of freshwater in our daily lives – for proof, try going without it for any length of time. Surface waterbodies (lakes, ponds, rivers, creeks, estuaries… it doesn't matter what name they go under) are particularly important because they come into direct contact with us and our biophysical environment. But our knowledge concerning where and when waterbodies might be found was, until recently,...

Themes: Climate Change; Science and Technology; Water

*  Capacity assessment of tsunami preparedness in the Indian Ocean – status report 2018: executive summary United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - Headquarters (UNESCO), 2020

Recognising the importance of conducting an up-to-date capacity assessment of tsunami preparedness in the Indian Ocean 13 years after the first survey, the ICG/IOTWMS at its 11th session (Putrajaya, Malaysia, April 2017) established a Task Team on Capacity Assessment of Tsunami Preparedness (TT-CATP). The Task Team designed and conducted an online survey covering all aspects of the end-to-end tsunami warning and mitigation system. Twenty ICG/IOTWMS...

Themes: Capacity Development; Disaster Risk Management
Hazards: Tsunami

*  Climate change, conflict and fragility: an evidence review and recommendations for research and action Overseas Development Institute (ODI), 2020

This report looks at the evidence on the links between violent conflict and climate-related hazards, disasters and natural resources. It explores the relationship between conflict and short-term, extreme weather events (such as tropical storms), and other natural disasters (such as earthquakes) that can trigger humanitarian disasters. It also considers slow-onset and long-term changes in natural resources related to the climate (such as drought and...

Themes: Climate Change; Fragility and conflict

*  Community engagement for COVID-19 infection prevention and control: A rapid review of the evidence Community Health Community of Practice (CH CoP), 2020

This rapid evidence review looks at the community engagement for infectious disease prevention and control, to learn lessons for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide and future pandemic response. Some of the key learnings on Community Engagement (CE), is: Preparation Early discussions and negotiation with communities is critical for understanding socio-cultural contexts and developing culturally appropriate prevention and control strategies;...

Themes: Community-based DRR; Social Impacts & Social Resilience
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  Coordinating climate finance in Kenya: technical measures or political change?
Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), 2020

This policy brief analyses how climate finance is being coordinated in Kenya, focusing on current efforts as well as the barriers and challenges hindering further effectiveness of climate finance coordination mechanisms. The authors assessed Kenya’s climate finance coordination through a combination of policy analysis and interviews with key stakeholders within the country’s climate finance landscape. This brief makes the following policy...

Themes: Climate Change; Economics of DRR; Governance

*  COVID-19 risk assessment tool: Dual application of risk communication and risk governance Progress in Disaster Science, 2020

Risk awareness is the best way to prevent and slow down the transmission of the COVID-19 pandemic and is achieved through the communication of risk assessment. Effective risk communication is an important measure to control infodemics as well. Most risk assessment tools focus on either tracking affected patients or diagnosing a probable health condition through their symptoms. The Resilience Innovation Knowledge Academy (RIKA) in India has introduced an...

Themes: Risk Identification & Assessment; Science and Technology
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  Disaster property insurance in Uzbekistan: Overview and recommendations Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the (GFDRR); World Bank, the (WB), 2020

This report aims to provide a detailed overview of the current status of disaster insurance for residential property in Uzbekistan, identify gaps, and provide recommendations for a way forward. It is structured in three main parts. The first part provides an overview of Uzbekistan disaster profile and buildings’ seismic vulnerability based on a risk assessment performed for the Kyrgyz Republic. The second part provides an overview of the local...

Themes: Governance; Risk Identification & Assessment; Structural Safety

*  Disaster risk reduction in the Republic of Kiribati Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC); United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction - Regional Office for Asia and Pacific (UNDRR AP), 2019

This Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) report provides the latest snapshot of the DRR progress the Republic of Kiribati has achieved under the four priorities of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. It also highlights some of the key challenges surrounding the issue of creating coherence among the key global frameworks at the country level; and makes recommendations for strengthening the overall Disaster Risk Management (DRM) governance by...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management; Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

*  Drivers and barriers of adaptation initiatives – how societal transformation affects natural hazard management and risk mitigation in Europe Science of The Total Environment (Elsevier), 2020

In this study, the authors interrogate drivers and barriers of societal transformation in natural hazard management through case studies in Austria, France and Ireland focusing on attempts to integrate multi-functional protection schemes in the context of flood and avalanche hazards. The authors find that transformative approaches have been mainly supported by local initiatives instigated by local governments, residents, or NGOs with the aim of complementing...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management; Social Impacts & Social Resilience
Hazards: Avalanche; Flood

*  Enhancing access to services for migrants in the context of COVID-19 preparedness, prevention, and response and beyond United Nations Network on Migration, 2020

Effective COVID-19 preparedness, prevention and response require a migrant-inclusive approach regarding access to services at the national and local levels. By including migrants in national plans, including socio-economic response plans, impact analysis, policies and strategies, gaps in health and other inequities such as access to education and information, training and decent work will be diminished, strengthening efforts towards...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management; Human Mobility; Inclusion
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  Estimating resiliency benefits of road upgradation: Case of the East Road in Malaita, Solomon Islands World Bank, the (WB), 2020

Governments and their multilateral partners are increasingly recognizing the importance of incorporating climate and disaster resilience considerations into infrastructure development plans as well as the related construction and financing decisions. The objective of this paper to estimate the resiliency benefits, in terms of key socioeconomic outcomes, under several road up-gradation options and rainfall scenarios. The estimated benefits are compared...

Themes: Climate Change; Small Island Developing States (SIDS); Structural Safety

*  Financing for climate adaptation – an overview of current regimes Institute of Development Studies (IDS), 2020

This report reviews the main funding mechanisms for climate adaptation/resilience programmes in developing countries. This rapid review finds that the majority of climate adaptation and resilience activities in developing countries are financed through domestic resources. However, the academic and policy literature reviewed does not reveal much about how these revenues are generated. The international public sector finance is heavily skewed towards...

Themes: Climate Change; Economics of DRR

*  Flood early warning system development: a case study Plan International Indonesia, 2020

This case study makes the case for the effectiveness of early warning and the role of young people in flood preparedness in Jakarta, Indonesia. The document concludes that young people play a very important role in mobilizing peers so that their involvement could usefully increase the resilience towards floods. The authors propose the following recommendations to the authorities: Provide program support and sufficient budget allocation; Support young...

Themes: Children and Youth; Early Warning; Governance
Hazards: Flood

*  Global financial stability report: Markets in the time of COVID-19: Chapter 5: Climate change: Physical risk and equity prices International Monetary Fund (IMF), 2020

Disasters as a result of climate change are projected to be more frequent and more severe, which could threaten financial stability. Chapter 5 looks at the impact of climate change physical risk on global equity valuations to assess this threat. The chapter shows that the impact of large disasters on equity markets, bank stocks, and non–life insurance stocks has generally been modest over the past 50 years. High levels of insurance penetration...

Themes: Climate Change; Private Sector
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  Implementation of property level flood risk adaptation (PLFRA) measures: choices and decisions Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews Water (Wiley) (WIREs)

Effective response requires effective risk management concepts and strategies at individual and watershed level to increase community resilience. Focusing on flood risk and the information associated with it, individual risk behaviour in the shape of implementing propertylevel flood risk adaptation (PLFRA) measures is often overlooked. For this research, a comprehensive overview of possible PLFRA measures for homeowners in flood risk areas was...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management; Social Impacts & Social Resilience
Hazards: Flood

*  Infiltration efficiency and subsurface water processes of a sustainable drainage system and consequences to flood management Journal of Flood Risk Management (Wiley), 2020

With increased intensity rainfall events globally and urban expansion decreasing permeable surfaces, there is an increasing problem of urban flooding. This study aims to better understand rainfall infiltration into a Sustainable Drainage System (SuDS) permeable pavement, compared with an adjacent Green Area of made ground, in relationship to groundwater levels below both areas. Results showed that average infiltration rates of the SuDS (1,925...

Themes: Science and Technology; Urban Risk & Planning; Water
Hazards: Flood

*  Integrated responses to building climate and pandemic resilience in Africa Africa Adaptation Initiative (AAI); Global Center on Adaptation (GCA), 2020

This policy brief recommends focusing stimulus investment on resilient infrastructure and food security to overcome the COVID-climate crisis. The authors propose a set of policy recommendations (p. 13) that bring multiple benefits, a “triple dividend”, to African countries. The first dividend is reduced pandemic risk. The second is climate resilience and the third is strengthened economic recover.

Themes: Climate Change
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  National earthquake research programme (UDAP) success stories Ministry of Interior, Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD), Turkey - gov, 2020

The aim of the National Earthquake Research Programme (UDAP) in Turkey is to ensure the efficient use of the resources of the country by the projects of which outcomes meet the needs and transfer into the implementation. The programme supports studies conducted in accordance with scientific principles and ethical rules in order to produce information, make scientific comments or solve technological problems. This booklet presents the projects that...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management
Hazards: Earthquake

*  National platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction: UNDRR regional office for Europe and Central Asia overview United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction - Regional Office for Europe (UNDRR ROE); United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction - Sub-Regional Office for Central Asia (UNDRR SRO CASC), 2020

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction stresses the need for better governance of risk, in which the state has the primary role in reducing disaster risk. Building resilience to disasters also brings together the responsibilities of many sectors, stakeholders, and levels of governance. By ensuring effective coordination of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) at national level, national platforms play an instrumental role in ensuring an all-of-government...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management; Governance

*  Policy alignment to advance climate-resilient development in Nepal: Opportunities and way forward National Adaptation Plan Global Network; Nepal - government, 2020

This policy discussion paper looks into the existing key policy processes that include Sustainable Development Goals, National Development Goals and Periodic Plans, Climate Change Policy, Nationally Determined Contributions and Disaster Risk Reduction and line ministry policies and explores the entry points along with critical steps to forward the policy alignment notion for climate-resilient development in Nepal. It assesses the existing and...

Themes: Climate Change; Governance

*  Preparedness and preventive behaviors for a pandemic disaster caused by COVID-19 in Serbia International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (MDPI) (IJERPH), 2020

This paper presents the results of quantitative research regarding the level of citizen preparedness for disasters caused by coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Serbia. The questionnaire examined citizens’ basic socio-economic and demographic characteristics, their knowledge, preparedness, risk perception and preventive measures taken individually and as a community to prevent the death and widespread transmission of novel coronavirus disease...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management; Social Impacts & Social Resilience
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  Rapid review of physical distancing and alternative disease control measures in South Asia IDinsight; United Kingdom - government, 2020

The rapid review (and the policy brief) provides an overview of the physical distancing measures that have been implemented in South Asian countries to date and recommendations on approaches that can be employed to prevent the spread of COVID-19, with a specific set of recommendations for India. This briefing paper was commissioned by the South Asia Research Hub in collaboration with DFID’s Research and Evidence Department’s Science Cell...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  Scaling local and community-based adaptation Global Center on Adaptation (GCA), 2020

This paper makes a case for local actions and community-based adaptation (CBA) by showing what adaptation success looks like at the local and community level. It recognizes that successful adaptation is process-driven and requires longer-term engagement along a full spectrum of actions, including visioning, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation, and learning. This paper identifies key enablers and barriers for successful adaptation actions...

Themes: Climate Change; Community-based DRR; Governance

*  The impact of COVID-19 and strategies for mitigation and suppression in low- and middle-income countries American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2020

The results presented here illustrate the potential impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in low-income countries (LICs) and low-middle-income countries (LMICs) compared to the epidemics that have occurred to date in upper-middle-income countries (UMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). This study's results highlight the difficult decisions countries are faced within the coming weeks and months irrespective of region or income...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  The Philippines - Impact of early warning early action: Exploring the interplay between El Niño-induced drought, conflict and gender Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Headquarters (FAO), 2020

This study analyses the outcome of acting early on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines between 2018 and 2019, ahead of an El Niñoinduced drought. It evaluates the effectiveness of anticipatory actions and highlights families perspectives on the benefits of acting early. The lessons learned presented in this study, are (pp. 22-23): Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) systems must build on existing Disaster Risk Reduction...

Themes: Early Warning; Food Security & Agriculture; Fragility and conflict; Gender
Hazards: Drought

*  The predictive capacity of air travel patterns during the global spread of the COVID-19 pandemic: risk, uncertainty and randomness International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (MDPI) (IJERPH), 2020

Air travel has a decisive role in the spread of infectious diseases at the global level. The authors present a methodology applied during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic that uses detailed aviation data at the final destination level in order to measure the risk of the disease spreading outside China. The approach proved to be successful in terms of identifying countries with a high risk of infected travellers and as a tool to monitor the...

Themes: Health & Health Facilities; Risk Identification & Assessment
Hazards: Epidemic & Pandemic

*  The projected impacts of climate change on food security in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Institute of Development Studies (IDS), 2020

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is already highly dependent on food imports, making it also vulnerable to price shocks on the global markets and harvest failures in other world regions. This rapid review focuses on literature discussing the impact of climate change on food security, in terms of future water use and food import changes, for the region as a whole. Peer-reviewed literature shows that the region will continue to be affected...

Themes: Climate Change; Food Security & Agriculture; Water

*  Training module on cyclone risk management Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management (GIDM), 2020

The Regional Climate Models (RCMs) predict an augmentation in the intensity of cyclonic activity, which has been evident recently. The Year 2019 recorded one of the most active cyclone seasons for Gujarat as six cyclonic activities were observed in the Arabian Sea out of which four cyclones were of intensity “Very Severe Cyclonic Storm” and above. It is imperative to mainstream cyclone risk reduction in developmental planning and to adopt...

Themes: Capacity Development; Climate Change; Community-based DRR; Disaster Risk Management; Early Warning; Risk Identification & Assessment; Science and Technology
Hazards: Cyclone

*  Training module on urban risk reduction and resilience Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management (GIDM), 2019

The training module on Urban Risk Reduction and Resilience focuses on various aspects of disaster risks in urban areas. Factors like the concentration of population, economic activities, building activities and networks in urban areas result in aggravated risk from disasters and at times, these factors end up causing disasters as well. The module is designed to provide a common platform of knowledge for urban development professionals and disaster...

Themes: Capacity Development; Risk Identification & Assessment; Social Impacts & Social Resilience; Urban Risk & Planning
Hazards: Cyclone; Earthquake; Flood; Heat Wave

*  Training module: Understanding disaster risk management Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management (GIDM)

This particular training manual explains the various controllers of disaster risk and elaborates on how they are related to each other. Care has been taken to explain these crucial parameters as lucidly as possible. Starting from the fundamentals, the module builds upon and gradually talks about the different aspects of disaster risk management. In addition to this, national and international arrangements are been discussed like the relevant statutes...

Themes: Capacity Development; Disaster Risk Management
Hazards: Earthquake; Flood; Heat Wave

*  When does response end and recovery begin? Exploring preparation and planning to support community’s resilient recovery National Centre for Resilience (University of Glasgow), 2020

This research project explores areas in which resilience practitioners’ (RPs) and emergency responders’ (ERs) can influence on a community during a Natural Hazzard Emergency (NHE), and how this affects a community’s capacity to recover. This is important because a community’s ability to effectively recover from impacts of an NHE has implications for that community’s future resilience, and its ability to adapt to the effects...

Themes: Disaster Risk Management; Recovery; Social Impacts & Social Resilience

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