In 1790, Maryland and Virginia ceded
portions of their land in order to establish the Federal City. After the
creation of the Federal City, for 10 years, DC had constables who were
named and appointed by Maryland and Virginia. In 1802, DC was given the
authority to police itself. In 1861 the Metropolitan Police Department
was created and supported by President Abraham Lincoln. Attorney William
B. Webb was appointed the first Superintendent of the Police for
Washington, DC. From the first Police Chief in 1861 to 1977, twenty-two
Chiefs later, the first African American Police Chief, the late Burtell
M. Jefferson was appointed in January 1978 by the late Marion Barry, Jr.
Who: Chief Robert Contee, III, one of the youngest police chiefs in the
history of DC, and a major City in America, and an African American.